cowpea yield per acre

Spacing: Sole cropping:Plant type: Spacing: Seed rate Bushy 45 cm x 15 cm 40-50kg/ha Spreading 75 cm x 20 cm 20-25kg/ha Intercropping:Bushy 180 cm x 15 cm 10-15kg/ha Spreading 180 cm x 30 cm 5-10kg/ha The seed rates are for two seeds per planting hole. Propagation. Cowpeas grow well on poor land and add lots of organic matter to the soil. Damage caused by cowpea curculio in southern pea is two-fold. Source: Directorate of Pulses Development. Curds … cowpea-corn rotation—each plot 1/40 acre—Knoxville Station being 41.5 bushels per acre. Chat: shows the yields of cowpea and chart 2 the yields of as obtained in the 20 years, hay yields were only slit greater where the crops were often produces more dry matter than cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), especially during drought, and can produce roughly 1,750 lb of leaf matter (Cook et al., 2005) or 2.5 tons of total biomass per acre (Valenzuela and Smith, 2002). for Cowpea A Sample of a Cowpea Planting Calendar Land preparation Sowing 8 –10 kg of seed/acre Spacing 60 cm x 20 cm (35,000 plants/acre) Fertilizer Application 8 –10 kg TSP/acre Weeding Harvesting starts 30 days after sowing Sorting & grading Yields 2,400kg Per acre Marketing 7/26 Yield. If the crop is raised for fodder purpose 250 - 350 q of green fodder is obtained per hectare. However, under good maintenance, the yield range from 800-1800kg per acre. A field experiment conducted during kharif season of the year 2015 at Agronomy Instructional Farm, C.P. Fodder Cowpea production practices in Tamil Nadu; Cowpea production practices in Goa That 94 bushel yield, on plots at the Ag In Motion (AIM) farm show near Langham, Sask., more than doubled the Canadian average for field pea yields (44 bu.) Cowpea is also grown in the south-eastern United States under rain-fed conditions mainly for use as southern peas for canned and frozen products, and for home use as fresh southern peas (Hall et al. This gives you a plant population of 22,222 cowpea plants per acre. Cowpea seeds come in bush, vine, tall and short varieties. Kunde is a hardy crop that can withstand drought. First, the adults feed on and lay eggs in the pods; those eggs hatch into larvae that feed inside the pods. From a single harvest, green pod yields will range from 2,500 to 4,500 pounds per acre , while shelled green and dry pea yield will range from 1,200 to 2,000 pounds per acre. When crop is of 6-8 week old, bury them into the soil one day before transplanting of paddy. Cowpea is very adaptable to a variety of production systems. Plots were planted on 6 April 2005. Big Boy Purplehull is a long podded variety with 13-16 peas per pod that are light tan in color and oblong shape. gated internodes, are less erect, more vegetative and have a lower yield than those sown at the optimum time. If you are using for Nitrogen fixation we highly recommend using a cowpea inoculant. Use laser land leveler for land levelling. and can produce a yield of one ton seed and five tons hay per hectare with as little as 300 mm of rainfall. Secondly, live larvae inside the harvested pods can contaminate and drastically reduce the marketability of peas during processing. The yield potential varies from one variety to another and is also affected by the general crop maintenance and the ecological conditions. Nigeria is the largest producer and consumer of cowpea in the world with a national average yield of about 669 pounds per acre, or 750 kilograms per hectare. 1,350 pounds per acre, but up to 2,700 pounds per acre in California. Yield and quality of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp] as influenced by organic sources of nitrogen . These forage legumes can produce good yields of high quality dry matter. a pound per acre basis. Inoculation of seed is not required, but using a cowpea strain (EL-type) can be advantageous for growth (FAO, 2012). Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Outer leaves are upright and curd is compact. 0. Abudulai and Shepard (2003) cowpea yields evaluated after the removal of 20, 50 and 80 per cent of flowers during peak flowering. Yield will vary depending upon soil fertility and moisture supply. kisancentral-September 23, 2017. Production per season is usually in the 2000 to 3000 kg DM/ha range. For example, Austrian winter pea and cowpea are two legumes commonly used as cover crops or included in cover crop mixtures. Average Yield Of Cowpea Per Hectare In Nigeria November 21, 2020 - by Wandi - Leave a Comment Cowpea ion in northern nigeria cowpea vigna unguiculata nigeria mercialises first transgenic juniper publishers economic ysis of cowpea ion In 2005 at Wall in Pennington County, SD, ‛Jerry’ oats, ‛Haybet’ barley, triticale (unknown variety) and annual ryegrass were compared to mixtures with field ‛Arvika’ pea for forage yield/quality. A common application is 200 to 400 pounds of acid phosphate per acre, to which, on soils needing potash, may be added fifty pounds of muriate of potash or an equivalent amount of kainit. Stevia Cultivation Information Guide. Seeding rates between 30 to 50 pounds per acre are recommended for cover It gives yield of 90 qtl/acre. In pure stands with poor growing conditions, biomass yields are often less than 1500 pounds per acre. Yields of up to 8000 kg DM/ha have been recorded in irrigated areas. Pusa Snowball K-1: Crop get mature late compared to Pusa snowball 1. (Van Rij, N., 1999) Cowpea is considered more tolerant to drought than soybean or mung bean because of its … College of Agriculture, Sardar krushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardar krushinagar Gujrat. Great for stopping soil erosion and weed suppression. Cowpeas make an excellent Nitrogen source ahead of fall-planted crops and attract many beneficial insects. Although cowpeas benefit from good soils, their best niche, ), make it suitable for cultivation in the hot, marginal cropping areas of Southern Africa, as well as in the cooler, higher rainfall areas. DISCUSSION OF THE Table 1 gives the yields both cowpea hay and of corn the various conditions. Both wild and cultivated plants naturally nodulate in a variety of soils (Allen and Allen, 1981). This can significantly reduce green pod and shelled pea yield per acre. HKR 47: ... After harvesting of wheat grow dhaincha (seed rate 20 kg/acre) or sunhemp @ 20 kg/acre or cowpea @ 12 kg/acre up to first week of May. Growing Cowpeas – A Beginners Guide. In general, data suggest planting oats at about 15 PLS/ft 2 and peas at approximately 8 PLS/ft. Best cowpea yields are obtained under sole cropping and the best planting depths ranges between 5-7 cm. In fact, experiments show that GM cowpea is not just safe, it also yields about .85 tons more per acre than conventional varieties. Long taproot and mechanisms such as turning the leaves upwards to prevent them to become too hot and closing the stomata, give to cowpea an excellent drought tolerance. Your Name. Yield. Each ton of biomass produced 50 lb of nitrogen (Valenzuela and Smith, 2002). A good crop of cowpea yields about 12 - 15 q of grain and 50 - 60 q of straw per hectare. estimated at 60 000–80 000 acres (Hall et al. With a concentration of 2% N, less than 30 pounds N per acre would be fixed. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.195 t/acre), which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. and even eclipsed the world record yield for peas which is 77.4 bushels per acre on a farm in Ireland. Tag: Cowpea Yield Per Acre In India. It produces yield of 90 qtl per acre. PDF | Striga gesnerioides is one of the major constraints to cowpea production in West Africa. In Missouri, yields of 1,400 to 1,800 pounds per acre should be expected with normal growing conditions and selection of an improved variety. If you are farming cowpea purely as a vegetable, the spacing should be 40 centimetres between rows and 10 centimetres between plants this should give you a population of 100,000 to 166,666 plants per acre. Productivity gains between the 1950s and 1990s was rapid, growing 2-3 fold over this period. Optimizing management on good soils would lead to higher yields. It can also be sown on flat ground (as long as drainage is good) with grain drills using 7 or 14 inch spacing. Irrigation and water requirements for Kunde. It will save 25 kg of N per acre. 2003). Curd is of snow white color. Under dryland conditions, yields of cowpeas have ranged from 500 kg dry matter (DM)/ha to over 4000 kg DM/ha under favourable conditions. shelled pea yield per acre. The Big Boy Purplehull is a high yielding, popular Southern cowpea that is great for home gardens. Other state varieties: Snowball 16: Late maturing variety. Assuming a yield of 1,500 pounds per acre, most budgets estimate a return of approximately $1,000 to $1,500 per acre above variable costs and a total return approaching $3,000 per acre (Clemson University estimates, 2016). Growing Dragon Fruit (Pitaya) Information. That is why it is so important in the traditional diet of Nigerians, who over the years have developed different recipes, such as moi moi, dawaki and akara, based on cowpea. Container Gardening For Beginners. Its average paddy yield is 30.0 quintals per acre. The sale of the stems and leaves as animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers. Using these estimates, the value of the cowpea industry in Georgia is approximately $9.9 million. Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and intercropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Growing Apples, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods . Tests in Delaware and Connecticut indicated that pot ash, which was used at the rate of 160 pounds (muriate of potash) per acre, was the principal fertilizer needed. The presence of nodular bacteria specific to cowpea (Bradyrhizobium spp. 2003). This is a good garden variety and is very prolific. And although the GM seeds will be about 50 percent more expensive than conventional seeds according to one estimate, they will require just two rounds of pesticides, rather than the current five to six. Is 77.4 bushels per acre on a Farm in Ireland yields of up to pounds. Conducted during kharif season of the year 2015 at Agronomy Instructional Farm, C.P produced 50 lb of nitrogen Missouri. Organic sources of nitrogen ( Valenzuela and Smith, 2002 ) general crop maintenance and the conditions... Yield than those sown at the optimum time plant population of 22,222 cowpea plants per acre would fixed... Get mature late compared to pusa Snowball K-1: crop get mature late compared to pusa Snowball K-1 crop! Inch beds if you are using for nitrogen fixation we highly recommend using a cowpea inoculant larvae... 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